Asian art

Wat Phra Mahathat Woramahawihan

wat phra mahathat woramahawihan

View our Buddha Statues in our gallery

Wat Phra Mahathat Woramahawihan is the main Buddhist pilgrimage site in Southern Thailand. The assigned name is derived from Pali Language. The translation in Pali Language is Vara Maha Dhatu Bara Maha Vihara, which literally means "Great Noble Temple of the Great Noble Relics Stupa". The other name for this Buddhist temple is Phra Borommathat Chedi.

The temple was built by King Dhammasokaraja in the early 13th century CE. The main purpose of its construction was to establish a symbol for the Theravada Buddhism sect. in the province. It is believed that the temple house a tooth relic of the Gautama Buddha.

History of Wat Phra Mahathat Woramahawihan

theravada buddhism

It is believed that Prince Thanakuman and Queen Hem Chala got the relic of Buddha. They placed the relic in the small pagoda which they had built in Hat Sai Kaew in 291 CE. Later when king Si-Thamma Sokarat established the city, he built a new temple on the very site. The temple was constructed in the Mahayana Style. He called the temple Wat Phra Borom That.

Later in the history, it has been agreed that the city was almost deserted by epidemics and war. The king Dhammasokaraja was motivated to rebuild the city. Therefore with the help of public participation, he not only build the city but also constructed a larger stupa in Sri Lankan style. The stupa was built on the very site of the temple Wat Phra Borom That. This stupa also helped to establish Theravada Buddhism. Along with the stupa, other religious buildings were also constructed like for example, Wihan-Bodhi Lanka, a roofed cloister around the Bodhi tree.

Features of the temple

buddha statues

The temple complex

The complex is built in a rectangular space which spreads around 5.14 hectares. The temple complex as in other temple is divided into two parts. One is for Buddha-avasa, area for religious activities and the second one is for Sangha-avasa, residential area for monks.

The main Stupa

The outer appearance of the main stupa is a bell-shaped added with an umbrella-like spire. In between bell-shaped dome and the spire, there is a row of walking Buddha statues in relief. The spire is around 10.89 m high and is covered with gold leaf which weights around 600 kg. The stupa stands above a low brick wall, which provides a space for the devotees to ambulate in a clockwise direction around the stupa.

Small bell-shaped stupa and sculpted elephants

Apart from the main stupa above the base of a low brick wall, there is another four bell-shaped small stupa in four cardinal directions which surrounds the main stupa. There are 22 sculpted standing elephants which surround the base of the stupa

The gallery

The main stupa is surrounded by numerous stupas or chedis and then the gallery which houses Buddha statues. The ancient Buddha statue is of Sukhothai Buddha statue dating from 13th-14th century CE. There is altogether 158 small stupa that surrounds the main stupa. These small stupas are built by the devotee dedicated to their deceased earlier generations. Therefore these stupa houses ashes and bones of the deceased ones.

View our collections of statues and arts in our gallery

The main assembly hall and the chapel

The main assembly hall is also popularly known as Wihan Luang. The assembly has columns built in Ayutthaya style. It is believed that the assembly hall was built between 15th-16th century CE.

The temple complex also houses the chapel dedicated to Kaccayana, Buddha's disciple.

Museum

The museum is also maintained in the temple complex. The museum is often called as Wihan Kien and it displays historical objects, auspicious objects, and offerings. The museum also houses numerous antique Buddha statues.

Mondop and Bronze Statue

Mondop lies in the north of the main assembly hall. It houses Buddha's footprint. The temple complex also houses a bronze statue of Tambralingan princes Jatukham and Ramanthep. It is also regarded as Hindu gods Kartikeya and Vishnu.

Share this page

Our collections of Buddha statues and arts

Old bronze Nepali Saraswati statue

Old bronze Nepali Saraswati statue

475 euro
Old bronze Nepali Chenrezig

Old bronze Nepali Chenrezig

275 euro
Very special antique Japanese Amida Buddha - Triad

Very special antique Japanese Amida Buddha - Triad

12,000 euro
Set Burmese monks

Set Burmese monks

900 euro
Old bronze Nepali Buddha statue

Old bronze Nepali Buddha statue

275 euro
Antique wooden Burmese Buddha

Antique wooden Burmese Buddha

150 euro
Antique Burmese Opium Weight

Antique Burmese Opium Weight

100 euro
Old wooden Burmese Mandalay Buddha statue

Old wooden Burmese Mandalay Buddha statue

600 euro
Old Buddha head - Burma

Old Buddha head - Burma

375 euro
Antique wooden Burmese Nat statue

Antique wooden Burmese Nat statue

175 euro
Antique bronze Burmese Opium Weight

Antique bronze Burmese Opium Weight

100 euro
Special antique pair of Burmese Nat statues

Special antique pair of Burmese Nat statues

1,950 euro
Antique bronze Nepali Manjushree statue

Antique bronze Nepali Manjushree statue

2,450 euro
Antique wooden Burmese Buddha statue

Antique wooden Burmese Buddha statue

150 euro
Antique Burmese marble Buddha statue

Antique Burmese marble Buddha statue

1,750 euro
Old bronze gilded Nepali Buddha statue

Old bronze gilded Nepali Buddha statue

3,750 euro
Large antique wooden Burmese Buddha statue

Large antique wooden Burmese Buddha statue

4,200 euro
Old bronze Thai Buddha statue

Old bronze Thai Buddha statue

200 euro
Old bronze Nepali Indra statue

Old bronze Nepali Indra statue

750 euro
Very special alabaster Buddha statue

Very special alabaster Buddha statue

18,500 euro
Old bronze Nepali Tara statue

Old bronze Nepali Tara statue

950 euro
Antique bronze Thai Buddha statue

Antique bronze Thai Buddha statue

1,100 euro
Old bronze Nepali Buddha statue

Old bronze Nepali Buddha statue

275 euro
12th century Terracotta Bagan tablet

12th century Terracotta Bagan tablet

300 euro
Antique wooden Burmese Temple

Antique wooden Burmese Temple

600 euro
Antique marble Jain statue from an Indian temple

Antique marble Jain statue from an Indian temple

2,200 euro
Antique bronze Thai Buddha statue

Antique bronze Thai Buddha statue

275 euro
Antique bronze Thai Rattanakosin Buddha

Antique bronze Thai Rattanakosin Buddha

275 euro
Antike Thai Rattanakosin Buddha statue

Antike Thai Rattanakosin Buddha statue

1,350 euro
Antique wooden Burmese Buddha statue

Antique wooden Burmese Buddha statue

450 euro
arrow-right keyboard_arrow_right arrow-down chevron-down keyboard_arrow_down chevron-up arrow-left keyboard_arrow_left close menu search twitter facebook youtube-play linkedin envelope instagram google-plus pinterest whatsapp heart-o Wishlist share file-pdf-o printer trash