Asian art

Wat Phra Mahathat Woramahawihan

wat phra mahathat woramahawihan

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Wat Phra Mahathat Woramahawihan is the main Buddhist pilgrimage site in Southern Thailand. The assigned name is derived from Pali Language. The translation in Pali Language is Vara Maha Dhatu Bara Maha Vihara, which literally means "Great Noble Temple of the Great Noble Relics Stupa". The other name for this Buddhist temple is Phra Borommathat Chedi.

The temple was built by King Dhammasokaraja in the early 13th century CE. The main purpose of its construction was to establish a symbol for the Theravada Buddhism sect. in the province. It is believed that the temple house a tooth relic of the Gautama Buddha.

History of Wat Phra Mahathat Woramahawihan

theravada buddhism

It is believed that Prince Thanakuman and Queen Hem Chala got the relic of Buddha. They placed the relic in the small pagoda which they had built in Hat Sai Kaew in 291 CE. Later when king Si-Thamma Sokarat established the city, he built a new temple on the very site. The temple was constructed in the Mahayana Style. He called the temple Wat Phra Borom That.

Later in the history, it has been agreed that the city was almost deserted by epidemics and war. The king Dhammasokaraja was motivated to rebuild the city. Therefore with the help of public participation, he not only build the city but also constructed a larger stupa in Sri Lankan style. The stupa was built on the very site of the temple Wat Phra Borom That. This stupa also helped to establish Theravada Buddhism. Along with the stupa, other religious buildings were also constructed like for example, Wihan-Bodhi Lanka, a roofed cloister around the Bodhi tree.

Features of the temple

buddha statues

The temple complex

The complex is built in a rectangular space which spreads around 5.14 hectares. The temple complex as in other temple is divided into two parts. One is for Buddha-avasa, area for religious activities and the second one is for Sangha-avasa, residential area for monks.

The main Stupa

The outer appearance of the main stupa is a bell-shaped added with an umbrella-like spire. In between bell-shaped dome and the spire, there is a row of walking Buddha statues in relief. The spire is around 10.89 m high and is covered with gold leaf which weights around 600 kg. The stupa stands above a low brick wall, which provides a space for the devotees to ambulate in a clockwise direction around the stupa.

Small bell-shaped stupa and sculpted elephants

Apart from the main stupa above the base of a low brick wall, there is another four bell-shaped small stupa in four cardinal directions which surrounds the main stupa. There are 22 sculpted standing elephants which surround the base of the stupa

The gallery

The main stupa is surrounded by numerous stupas or chedis and then the gallery which houses Buddha statues. The ancient Buddha statue is of Sukhothai Buddha statue dating from 13th-14th century CE. There is altogether 158 small stupa that surrounds the main stupa. These small stupas are built by the devotee dedicated to their deceased earlier generations. Therefore these stupa houses ashes and bones of the deceased ones.

View our collections of statues and arts in our gallery

The main assembly hall and the chapel

The main assembly hall is also popularly known as Wihan Luang. The assembly has columns built in Ayutthaya style. It is believed that the assembly hall was built between 15th-16th century CE.

The temple complex also houses the chapel dedicated to Kaccayana, Buddha's disciple.

Museum

The museum is also maintained in the temple complex. The museum is often called as Wihan Kien and it displays historical objects, auspicious objects, and offerings. The museum also houses numerous antique Buddha statues.

Mondop and Bronze Statue

Mondop lies in the north of the main assembly hall. It houses Buddha's footprint. The temple complex also houses a bronze statue of Tambralingan princes Jatukham and Ramanthep. It is also regarded as Hindu gods Kartikeya and Vishnu.

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Our collections of Buddha statues and arts

Old wooden Burmese monk statue

Old wooden Burmese monk statue

850 euro
Antique Burmese Shan Buddha

Antique Burmese Shan Buddha

125 euro
Old bronze Nepali Aparmita Buddha

Old bronze Nepali Aparmita Buddha

1250 euro
Antique wooden Shan Buddha

Antique wooden Shan Buddha

750 euro
18th century Burmese Shan Buddha

18th century Burmese Shan Buddha

1250 euro
Antique Burmese Mandalay Buddha

Antique Burmese Mandalay Buddha

450 euro
Old bronze Nepali Buddha statue

Old bronze Nepali Buddha statue

1250 euro
18th century Burmese marble Monk

18th century Burmese marble Monk

1450 euro
Antique Burmese Mandalay Buddha

Antique Burmese Mandalay Buddha

250 euro
Old bronze Nepali Buddha

Old bronze Nepali Buddha

475 euro
Antique Burmese Shan Buddha statue

Antique Burmese Shan Buddha statue

150 euro
Old bronze Nepali Buddha statue

Old bronze Nepali Buddha statue

275 euro
Large old bronze Nepali Buddha statue

Large old bronze Nepali Buddha statue

4750 euro
Antique Burmese offering vessel

Antique Burmese offering vessel

375 euro
Bronze nepali Medicine Buddha statue

Bronze nepali Medicine Buddha statue

175 euro
Antique Burmese offering vessel

Antique Burmese offering vessel

850 euro
Old bronze Nepali Buddha statue

Old bronze Nepali Buddha statue

300 euro
Large antique Mandalay Buddha statue

Large antique Mandalay Buddha statue

3950 euro
Antique Burmese offering vessel

Antique Burmese offering vessel

550 euro
Old bronze Samantabhadra statue

Old bronze Samantabhadra statue

850 euro
Old Nepali bronze Buddha statue

Old Nepali bronze Buddha statue

275 euro
Special antique wooden Burmese Buddha

Special antique wooden Burmese Buddha

3750 euro
Large old bronze Tara statue

Large old bronze Tara statue

2450 euro
Old wooden Buddha statue

Old wooden Buddha statue

125 euro
Old Nepali Lokeshvara statue

Old Nepali Lokeshvara statue

750 euro
Antique wooden Buddha statue

Antique wooden Buddha statue

275 euro
Old bronze Nepali Buddha statue

Old bronze Nepali Buddha statue

275 euro
Antique Burmese offering vessel

Antique Burmese offering vessel

375 euro
Special bronze Nepali crowned Buddha statue

Special bronze Nepali crowned Buddha statue

2750 euro
Old bronze Burmese Buddha statue

Old bronze Burmese Buddha statue

1950 euro
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