Asian art

Wat Phra Mahathat Woramahawihan

wat phra mahathat woramahawihan

View our Buddha Statues in our gallery

Wat Phra Mahathat Woramahawihan is the main Buddhist pilgrimage site in Southern Thailand. The assigned name is derived from Pali Language. The translation in Pali Language is Vara Maha Dhatu Bara Maha Vihara, which literally means "Great Noble Temple of the Great Noble Relics Stupa". The other name for this Buddhist temple is Phra Borommathat Chedi.

The temple was built by King Dhammasokaraja in the early 13th century CE. The main purpose of its construction was to establish a symbol for the Theravada Buddhism sect. in the province. It is believed that the temple house a tooth relic of the Gautama Buddha.

History of Wat Phra Mahathat Woramahawihan

theravada buddhism

It is believed that Prince Thanakuman and Queen Hem Chala got the relic of Buddha. They placed the relic in the small pagoda which they had built in Hat Sai Kaew in 291 CE. Later when king Si-Thamma Sokarat established the city, he built a new temple on the very site. The temple was constructed in the Mahayana Style. He called the temple Wat Phra Borom That.

Later in the history, it has been agreed that the city was almost deserted by epidemics and war. The king Dhammasokaraja was motivated to rebuild the city. Therefore with the help of public participation, he not only build the city but also constructed a larger stupa in Sri Lankan style. The stupa was built on the very site of the temple Wat Phra Borom That. This stupa also helped to establish Theravada Buddhism. Along with the stupa, other religious buildings were also constructed like for example, Wihan-Bodhi Lanka, a roofed cloister around the Bodhi tree.

Features of the temple

buddha statues

The temple complex

The complex is built in a rectangular space which spreads around 5.14 hectares. The temple complex as in other temple is divided into two parts. One is for Buddha-avasa, area for religious activities and the second one is for Sangha-avasa, residential area for monks.

The main Stupa

The outer appearance of the main stupa is a bell-shaped added with an umbrella-like spire. In between bell-shaped dome and the spire, there is a row of walking Buddha statues in relief. The spire is around 10.89 m high and is covered with gold leaf which weights around 600 kg. The stupa stands above a low brick wall, which provides a space for the devotees to ambulate in a clockwise direction around the stupa.

Small bell-shaped stupa and sculpted elephants

Apart from the main stupa above the base of a low brick wall, there is another four bell-shaped small stupa in four cardinal directions which surrounds the main stupa. There are 22 sculpted standing elephants which surround the base of the stupa

The gallery

The main stupa is surrounded by numerous stupas or chedis and then the gallery which houses Buddha statues. The ancient Buddha statue is of Sukhothai Buddha statue dating from 13th-14th century CE. There is altogether 158 small stupa that surrounds the main stupa. These small stupas are built by the devotee dedicated to their deceased earlier generations. Therefore these stupa houses ashes and bones of the deceased ones.

View our collections of statues and arts in our gallery

The main assembly hall and the chapel

The main assembly hall is also popularly known as Wihan Luang. The assembly has columns built in Ayutthaya style. It is believed that the assembly hall was built between 15th-16th century CE.

The temple complex also houses the chapel dedicated to Kaccayana, Buddha's disciple.

Museum

The museum is also maintained in the temple complex. The museum is often called as Wihan Kien and it displays historical objects, auspicious objects, and offerings. The museum also houses numerous antique Buddha statues.

Mondop and Bronze Statue

Mondop lies in the north of the main assembly hall. It houses Buddha's footprint. The temple complex also houses a bronze statue of Tambralingan princes Jatukham and Ramanthep. It is also regarded as Hindu gods Kartikeya and Vishnu.

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Our collections of Buddha statues and arts

Old red Burmese offering vessel

Old red Burmese offering vessel

750 euro
Old bronze Nepali Medicine Buddha statue

Old bronze Nepali Medicine Buddha statue

275 euro
Special antique bronze Shan Buddha statue

Special antique bronze Shan Buddha statue

7,500 euro
Old marble Hanuman statue

Old marble Hanuman statue

650 euro
Old bronze Burmese Buddha statue

Old bronze Burmese Buddha statue

500 euro
Special antique tusk of Mammoth Ivory

Special antique tusk of Mammoth Ivory

1,950 euro
Antique wooden Burmese Mandalay Buddha statue

Antique wooden Burmese Mandalay Buddha statue

1,850 euro
Old bronze Manjushri statue

Old bronze Manjushri statue

550 euro
Old bronze nepali Ganesha statue

Old bronze nepali Ganesha statue

250 euro
Old bronze Nepali Lokeshwor statue

Old bronze Nepali Lokeshwor statue

1,750 euro
Antique bronze Mandalay Buddha statue

Antique bronze Mandalay Buddha statue

1,600 euro
Old bronze Parvati statue

Old bronze Parvati statue

900 euro
Old bronze Nepali White Tara statue

Old bronze Nepali White Tara statue

325 euro
Antique marble Ganesha statue

Antique marble Ganesha statue

2,850 euro
Old marble Burmese Buddha statue

Old marble Burmese Buddha statue

900 euro
Old Burmese Buddha statue

Old Burmese Buddha statue

1,600 euro
Pair of old marble lion statues

Pair of old marble lion statues

700 euro
Old bronze Nepali Buddha statue

Old bronze Nepali Buddha statue

600 euro
Special antique Ivory Japanese Zushi shrine

Special antique Ivory Japanese Zushi shrine

14,500 euro
Antique bronze Thai Sukhothai Buddha statue

Antique bronze Thai Sukhothai Buddha statue

1,600 euro
Antique ivory Japanese figure

Antique ivory Japanese figure

1,500 euro
Old wooden Burmese Monk statue

Old wooden Burmese Monk statue

300 euro
Antique stone Jain statue

Antique stone Jain statue

850 euro
Old wooden Burmese Throne

Old wooden Burmese Throne

1,250 euro
Old bronze Nepali Buddha statue

Old bronze Nepali Buddha statue

600 euro
Old bronze Nepali Medicine Buddha

Old bronze Nepali Medicine Buddha

250 euro
Special antique sandstone Ganesha statue

Special antique sandstone Ganesha statue

2,250 euro
Special high quality bronze Nepali Dipankar Buddha

Special high quality bronze Nepali Dipankar Buddha

5,500 euro
Antique bronze Thai Rattanakosin Buddha statue

Antique bronze Thai Rattanakosin Buddha statue

600 euro
Special antique bronze Nepali Buddha statue

Special antique bronze Nepali Buddha statue

3,250 euro
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